A Religious Timeline

Some of the links taken from Wikipedia.

2200 BCE
Minoan Civilization in Crete develops. Citizens worship a variety of Goddesses.
2150–2000 BCE
The earliest surviving versions of the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh (originally titled “He who Saw the Deep” (Sha naqba īmuru) or “Surpassing All Other Kings” (Shūtur eli sharrī)) were written.
2000–1850 BCE
The traditionally accepted period in which the Judeochristian/Islamic patriarchal figure Abraham lived. Likely born in Ur Kaśdim or Haran and died in Machpelah, Canaan.
1700–1100 BCE
Rig Veda gets composed, the oldest of all Vedas (scriptures in Hinduism)
1600 BCE
The ancient development of Stonehenge comes to an end.
1500 BCE
The Vedic Age starts in India after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilisation
1351 or 1353 BCE
Reign of Akhenaten in Ancient Egypt. Akhenaten is sometimes credited with starting the earliest known monotheistic religion.
1300–1000 BCE
The “standard” Akkadian version of the Epic of Gilgamesh was edited by Sin-liqe-unninni.
1250 BCE
A suggested time for the biblical Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.
1200–600 BCE
The Upanishads (Vedic texts) get composed which contain the earliest emergence of some of the central religious concepts of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism
950 BCE
The Torah, the core texts of Judaism and foundation of later Abrahamic religions, is believed to be given by God to Moses
600–400 BCE
Probable time of existence of Laozi, author of the Tao Te Ching, considered the founding work of philosophical Taoism.
563 BCE
Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born.
551 BCE
Confucius, founder of Confucianism, is born.
440 BCE
Zoroastrianism enters recorded history.
399 BCE
Socrates is tried for impiety.
300 BCE
Theravada Buddhism is introduced to Sri Lanka by the Venerable Mahindra.
150 BCE
The oldest surviving Hebrew Bible manuscripts date to about the 2nd century BCE (fragmentary).
63 BCE
Pompey captures Jerusalem and annexes Judea as a Roman client kingdom.
7 BCE–36 CE
The approximate time-frame for the life of Jesus of Nazareth, the central figure of Christianity.
Council of Jerusalem is held.
Siege of Jerusalem and the Destruction of the Temple.

[Then a lot of dates that refer specifically to Christian history]

Life-time of Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullāh, the Prophet of Islam.
The Rashidun Caliphate brings Arab conquest of Persia, Egypt, Iraq, bringing Islam into those regions.
The verses of the Qur’an are compliled in the form of a book in the era of Uthman, the third Caliph of Islam.
The Umayyad Caliphate brings Arab conquest of North Africa, Spain, Central Asia. Marking the greatest extent of the Arab conquests bringing Islam into those regions.

The Great Schism between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches formally takes place.
The first Crusade takes place.
Sigurd I of Norway wages the Norwegian Crusade on Muslims in Spain, the Baleares, and in Palestine.
The Second Crusade is waged in response to the fall of the County of Edessa.
The Third Crusade, European leaders attempt to reconquer what they considered the Holy Land from Saladin.
The Fourth Crusade takes place.
Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade sack the Christian Eastern Orthodox city of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.
Delhi Sultanate is established.
The Albigensian Crusade takes place in Occitania, Europe.
The Church attempts the Fifth Crusade.
The Sixth Crusade occurs.

The Codex Gigas is completed by Herman the Recluse in the Benedictine monastery of Podlažice near Chrudim.
Jerusalem is sacked again, instigating the Seventh Crusade.
The Eighth Crusade is organized.
The Ninth Crusade fails.
Pope John XXII lays the groundwork for the future witch-hunts with the formalization of the persecution of witchcraft.
The Roman Catholic Church is split during the Western Schism.


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